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Seaweed on Tanzania Beaches

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Dar es Salaam is the largest city in Tanzania with 2.8 million people. With a population rate increase of 4.39% annually the city has become the 3rd fastest growing in Africa (9th fastest in the world) after Bamako and Lagos, respectively. Working closely with Zanzibari Tanzanian and mainland Tanzanian health professionals, we are moving closer to eliminating malaria on Pemba and Unguja, though we are not there yet. Since our joint anti-malaria efforts began in 2005, American tax payers have spent $9 million to combat the disease in Zanzibar.

Bwejuu seaweed farming, Zanzibar, Tanzania
Bwejuu seaweed farming, Zanzibar, Tanzania

We also visited the Tanzanian Institute of Marine Research, where staff presented a series of talks on marine research in Tanzania, and this was followed by discussions on seaweed farming in Tanzania and elsewhere. Matern Mtolera filled us in on seaweed cultivation in that country. From zero seven years ago, the export industry in Tanzania is now valued at $20 million annually. Mshigeni believes the kind of farming that has been spurred by his research would be sustainable in all the coastal countries of the continent. Zanzibar is now a semi-autonomous part of the United Republic of Tanzania but has its own seat of government in Stonetown, the island’s capital, and amongst other things, is responsible for Health, Industry, Tourism, Agriculture, and Judicial matters. Zanzibar tries to uphold Muslim sensibilities on matters such as dress codes in public places, it is a pity that through ignorance or defiance, so many tourists offend by showing bare flesh.

Zanzibari boy on drying seaweed - village of Pwani Mchangani, Zanzibar, Tanzania
Zanzibari boy on drying seaweed – village of Pwani Mchangani, Zanzibar, Tanzania

After 10 days of safari in the South of Tanzania we finished our trip spending some days in Zanzibar. We were looking for a small, quiet, cozy and romantic place to relax and we found it at the Karamba resort, located in a wonderful corner of the World. Zanzibar is a part of the United Republic of Tanzania and its diverse population of around 1.1 million people is a cultural ‘mixtures of mixtures’, with influences from Persian, Asian and African traditions. Zanzibar was once a separate state with a long trading history within the Arab world; it united with Tanganyika to form Tanzania in 1964, and still enjoys a high degree of autonomy within the union.

Explanations given for this is a fast-moving global market, international competition and a hangover from Tanzania?s failed experiment with socialism in the 1960s and ?70s, when the government controlled clove prices and exports. Zanzibar now ranks a distant third with Indonesia supplying 75% of the world’s cloves, compared to Zanzibar’s 7%.

but living under that seaweed are sand flies whose big, itchy and easily infected bites are known

You will see seaweed farmers in the sea and, at high tide, dhows sailing in with the day’s catch. Alternatively, just relax beside the pool or under a palm tree with a book. Besides having some of the friendliest people, Jambiani is known for its expansive and un-crowded white sandy beaches, crystal clear blue waters, seaweed farming, rope making, the caves, and fishing. Staying with a host family will ensure you eat some of the best Zanzibar cuisines, which Jambiani is famous for.

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